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How to Choose the Right Well Pump: A Homeowner’s Guide

When it comes to ensuring a consistent and reliable water supply to your home, choosing the right well pump is crucial. With various types of well pumps available on the market, it can be challenging to determine which one best suits your household needs and specific circumstances. This guide will help you understand the different types of well pumps and how to select the most appropriate one for your home.

Understanding Well Pumps

Before diving into the specifics of each type of well pump, it's important to grasp the basics. A well pump is a device that transports water from an underground water source to your home. The choice of well pump depends on several factors, including the depth of your well, the water yield required, and the geographic and climatic conditions of your area.

Types of Well Pumps

1. Submersible Pumps

Submersible pumps are installed completely underwater, typically at the bottom of your well. They are designed for deep wells, usually those that are more than 25 feet deep. These pumps push water to the surface and are known for their efficiency and reliability. They are an excellent choice for homes that require a substantial water volume, as they can operate quietly and don’t require priming.

2. Jet Pumps

Jet pumps are mounted above the ground and draw water up from the well through suction. Because these pumps are not submerged, they are easier to inspect and repair than submersible pumps. There are two types of jet pumps:

  • Shallow Jet Pumps: Suitable for wells up to 25 feet deep.
  • Deep Well Jet Pumps: These use two pipes and are capable of fetching water from depths of about 110 feet.

3. Solar Pumps

As the name suggests, solar well pumps are powered by solar panels. They are ideal for remote locations where traditional power sources are not available or are unreliable. Solar pumps are environmentally friendly and can be cost-effective over time, despite the higher initial investment.

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Well Pump

Depth of the Well:

The depth of your well is the most critical factor in choosing a well pump. Shallow wells often require a shallow jet pump, whereas deeper wells will need a submersible or deep-well jet pump.

Water Demand:

Consider the water usage of your household. Larger families or properties with significant irrigation needs may require pumps with higher flow rates. Submersible pumps, which can provide more gallons per minute, might be the best option in these cases.

Energy Efficiency:

Check the energy efficiency of the pump, especially if the well is used frequently. Energy-efficient pumps can significantly reduce electricity costs.

Maintenance and Repair:

Ease of maintenance and repair is also crucial. Submersible pumps are less accessible for maintenance, while jet pumps can be serviced without pulling them out of the well.

Installation and Professional Advice

While some homeowners may feel equipped to install a well pump on their own, professional installation is recommended to ensure optimal performance and avoid costly mistakes. Consulting with a professional can provide you with insights specific to your local area and personal needs.


Choosing the right well pump for your home involves understanding your well’s depth, your household’s water demand, and the specific benefits of different pump types. Whether you opt for the robust performance of a submersible pump, the accessibility of a jet pump, or the eco-friendly operation of a solar pump, make sure your choice meets your long-term water needs.

For further guidance or to schedule an installation, contact a professional well pump service provider who can offer personalized advice and support.